Alexandros Bakos, LL. M.* […] but this is not where or how it ends. Fate promises more twists before this drama unfolds…completely (in-game dialogue from the intro scene of the video game Soul Reaver 2). The EU’s backlash against intra-EU (Bilateral?) Investment Treaties – intra-EU (B)ITs – reached its peak when the CJEU issued its… Read More Post-Achmea Energy Charter Treaty Coherence and Stability: Upheld or Hindered?
Naman Lohiya B.A. LL.B.(Hons.) Batch 2015-2020 Gujarat National Law University Gandhinagar, Gujarat. “No Party shall subject investments made by investors of the other Party to measures which constitute a violation of customary international law through: Denial of justice in any judicial or administrative proceedings; or fundamental breach of due process; or targeted discrimination on manifestly… Read More The Treatment of Investments clause under the Indian Model BIT: Laden with greater certainty, restrictions and/or ambiguity?
Aayushi Singh* Introduction – Cogs of the same wheel – Trade and FDI Grazia Ietto-Gillies’ theories were based on the classical theory of trade in which the motive behind trade was a result of the difference in the costs of production of goods between two countries, focusing on the low cost of production as a… Read More The Need for the Implementation of a Multilateral Agreement on Investment vis-à-vis Dispute Settlement in WTO
by Alexandros Bakos, LL.M I. Introduction: In recent years, a series of debates have emerged in regard to the relationship between the EU State Aid law, on the one hand, and obligations arising under Investment Treaties (to which the EU is not a formal party), on the other hand. Those debates manifest themselves at different… Read More The Relationship between EU State Aid law and Obligations Arising under Investment Treaties
Benedetta Cappiello* It seems that nowadays the debate on fragmentation of international law is not yet ready to reach a prompt solution. On the contrary, every and each occasion, even at the jurisprudential level, seems a good one to offer some new reflections, in brief or at length, on the reason why international… Read More Profit vs. Sustainability: How to pursue a sustainable investment
by Andrii Hubai* The recent rise of third-party funding in international arbitration has opened a completely new dimension for arbitration itself. An opportunity of funding the parties of the process became a big deal breaker in many aspects that are visible at a first glance and those hidden behind the privacy clauses of funding agreements.… Read More Coming out of the Closet: Third-Party Funding in International Arbitration
by Prof. Nikos Lavranos, Secretary General of EFILA Last September, European Commission President Juncker presented a proposal for a European foreign investment screening regulation – apparently following a request by Germany, France and Italy. The proposal fits the protectionist mood that has taken hold in Brussels and in many EU Member States. The backlash against… Read More The EU’s foreign investment screening proposal: Towards more protectionism in the EU