Alexandros Bakos, LL.M. Candidate, Utrecht University In a somewhat fortunate turn of events for the stability (or what is left of it in any case) of the intra-European Union (intra-EU) investment treaty system, the General Court of the European Union (GCEU) has annulled the EU Commission’s decision rendered against Romania for illegal state aid concerning… Read More Schrödinger’s Investment: the EU’s General Court Considers that the Compensation Ordered by the Micula Tribunal is Not a Form of State Aid (Although it Might as Well Have Been)
Alexandros Bakos, LL. M.* […] but this is not where or how it ends. Fate promises more twists before this drama unfolds…completely (in-game dialogue from the intro scene of the video game Soul Reaver 2). The EU’s backlash against intra-EU (Bilateral?) Investment Treaties – intra-EU (B)ITs – reached its peak when the CJEU issued its… Read More Post-Achmea Energy Charter Treaty Coherence and Stability: Upheld or Hindered?
by Alexandros Bakos, LL.M I. Introduction: In recent years, a series of debates have emerged in regard to the relationship between the EU State Aid law, on the one hand, and obligations arising under Investment Treaties (to which the EU is not a formal party), on the other hand. Those debates manifest themselves at different… Read More The Relationship between EU State Aid law and Obligations Arising under Investment Treaties